Integrated transcriptome and metabolome analysis reveals the mechanism of tolerance to manganese and cadmium toxicity in the Mn/Cd
ID: 613 / 361
Proposed Symposium Title: Integrated transcriptome and metabolome analysis reveals the mechanism of tolerance to manganese and cadmium toxicity in the Mn/Cd
Guo Yua, Habib Ullahb, Asfandyar Shahaba
Affiliations: a College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guilin University of Technology, Guilin, China b Department of Environmental Science, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Understanding the molecular mechanism of tolerance to heavy metals in hyperaccumulators is important for improving the efficiency of phytoremediation and is interesting for evolutionary studies on plant adaption to abiotic stress. Celosia argentea Linn. was recently discovered to hyperaccumulate both manganese (Mn) and cadmium (Cd). However, the molecular mechanisms underlying Mn and Cd detoxification in C. argentea are poorly understood. Laboratory studies were conducted using C. argentea seedlings exposed to 360 μM Mn and 8.9 μM Cd hydroponic solutions. Plant leaves were analyzed using transcriptional and metabolomic techniques. A total of 3960 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in plants were identified under Cd stress, among which 17 were associated with metal transport, and 10 belonged to the ATP transporter families. Exposures to Mn or Cd led to the differential expression of three metal transport genes (HMA3, ABCC15, and ATPase 4). In addition, 33 and 77 differentially expressed metabolites (DEMs) were identified under Mn and Cd stresses, respectively. Metabolic pathway analysis showed that the ABC transporter pathway was the most affected in Mn/Cd exposed seedlings. Conjoint transcriptome and metabolome analysis showed that the glutathione (GSH) metabolic pathway was over-represented in the KEGG pathway of both DEGs and DEMs. Our results confirm that the ABC transporter and GSH metabolic pathways play important roles in Mn and Cd detoxification. These findings provide new insight into the molecular mechanisms of tolerance to Mn and Cd toxicity in plants.