Chemotaxonomic study of ten species Ficus from Nigeria
ID: 613 / 370
Proposed Symposium Title: Chemotaxonomic study of ten species Ficus from Nigeria
Abdullahi A. AbdulRahaman, Abdulquadri Sagaya
Affiliations: Department of Plant Biology, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria
Ficus is one of the most diverse groups of flowering plants with a great complexity which needs a proper classification. Several studies have shown the differences and similarities among this genus but little have been done on the chemical composition to delimit the taxa. GC-MS analysis was carried out on ten different species using standard procedure. The results reveal 195 compounds belonging to 17 functional groups. Carboxylic acids were the most prominent groups follow by alcohol, ketone, aldehyde and ester among others. F. thonningi and F. platyphylla are more related among the ten species while F. vogelii is the most distance species in terms of the metabolite concentration. The percentage similarity among the ten species was very high between F. mucuso and F. asperifolia (94.84%) while the lowest was between F. capensis and F. vogelii (81.17%). The GC-MS analysis of the Ficus could provide useful information to the understanding of species variability and therefore, the distribution of the phytocompound of Ficus can be used as chemotaxonomic character in explaining the relationship among the various species.